Born 1936 in Calcutta India.
Came to England 1947.
Eight years in RAF as Airframe fitter.
Acquired discharge by purchase, (bought myself out) 1963.
Ipswich School of Art till 1965.
Dip.A&D (now B.A.) at Central School of Art till 1968.
Uni of London Inst of Ed 1969.
Teaching evening and day classes in art and history of art (Art Appreciation) in London Tooting, Pimlico, Chelsea from 1969 – 1975, part-time Art Lecturer Braintree College of F.E. 1975 -1977. Full time from 1977 -1980.
1980 -1986 Formed group 3D – 3 dimensional art work constructions and sculptures. During this time started part-time work, self employed, on Citroen 2CV’s. From 1987 to 2007 family circumstances meant transition to full-time work on 2CV’s, during this period developing ideas at drawing, sketch and model level.
2008 Formation of Lonely Arts Club and first show at The Forum Norwich.
1961 ASTRAL HOUSE LONDON INTERNATIONAL SHOW ROYAL AIR FORCE
1962 GROUP SHOW RUGBY AND DISTRICT
1963 TWO MAN SHOW, NEW GALLERY IPSWICH
1965 EXPO – PRE DIP GROUP SHOW AT UNIVERSITY OF EAST ANGLIA
1968 CENTRAL SCHOOL OF ART, LONDON, DIP IN FINE ART SHOW
1969 GROUP SHOW CIRCLE GALLERY LONDON (CONSTRUCTIONS)
1971 ONE MAN CIRCLE GALLERY LONDON (CONSTRUCTIONS)
1976 MADDERMARKET THEATRE NORWICH (CONSTRUCTIONS)
1977 TWO MAN SHOW TUDOR HOUSE MUSEUM BOCKING – PAINTINGS AND CONSTRUCTIONS
1977 TWO MAN ESSEX UNIVERSITY – PAINTINGS AND CONSTRUCTIONS
1981 GROUP SHOW ASSEMBLY HOUSE NORWICH – PAINTING AND CONSTRUCTIONS
1981 NORWICH 20 GROUP SHOW, UNIVERSITY EAST ANGLIA - CONSTRUCTIONS
1982 OBJECTS FACTS AND THINGS MADDERMARKET / CINEMA CITY, GROUP SHOW ‘3D’ – CONSTRUCTIONS, DRAWINGS
1983 ‘3D’ GROUP SHOW, YARMOUTH LIBRARY GALLERY – CONSTRUCTIONS, PAINTINGS, DRAWINGS
1986 ‘ROOM ON THE GROUND FLOOR ‘, LONDON GROUP SCULPTURE SHOW
2008 LONELY ARTS CLUB, NORWICH FORUM, GROUP SHOW – PAINTING, DRAWINGS
2009 LONELY ARTS CLUB, NORWICH FORUM, GROUP SHOW – PAINTINGS, DRAWINGS
2010 EXPERIENCING LANDSCAPE -FOUR ARTISTS, LAUDERDALE HOUSE, LONDON
2012 THE LONELY ARTS CLUB, STEW GALLERY, NORWICH
2013 THE LONELY ARTS CLUB, THE FORUM, NORWICH
2013 THE RED LIGHT GALLERY, NORWICH
2014 ANTEROS ARTS FOUNDATION, NORWICH
In 1963 I started art school. Here I was introduced to the science of
Cybernetics (Control & Communication in the animal & the machine – early
information & systems theory).
This was important as it reinforced the tendency to bring two big
‘opposites’ together, Science & Nature. This has not happened in a simple
consistent way, rather in moves one way then another, and so on, only
gradually arriving at a comprehensive theory of my art as a whole.
What has continued to engage my interest is the development of the
relative autonomy of the work of art.
of art is a chimera, it is not possible because all art, as all forms of
human production, reflects nature in some way, at the same time as
‘humanising’ it through the subjective processes of abstraction, and
The first stage of human reflection exists in thought, as part of the
subjective world of social consciousness. The next stage, to put it
simply, is the realisation of those abstract subjective relations back out
in the objective world through the agency of human labour. The now
humanised, material objects of human reflection - social production, in
its entirety, are inextricably bound up with those objects that tend to be
separated into what we call ‘art’. (All art is therefore ‘abstract’ to
greater or lesser degree). As Cezanne once simply and brilliantly put it,
“Art is a harmony parallel to nature”.
Investigations into the relative autonomy of the art work have naturally
led to a greater interest in the origination, or genesis, of the work and
to experiments with the development of a complex object/painting, etc
through the effects of design on the one hand and the actions of chance on
The work I have been doing over the last five years has been based on
‘landscape’, in the general sense, and is moving toward increasingly
self-sustained forms with their own abstract visual logic, with their own
developing visual alphabet & vocabulary, hopefully increasing both the
complexity of relations and the relative internal autonomy of the whole
As an extension of this I am also now engaged in developing lines of related 3D works, as constructions and sculptures, interconnected in their differing fields.
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